It’s quite relatable that while going out ,you make sure that your door has been locked properly but what if this thought affects your daily life. You keep washing your hands for continuously 10-15 mins or more. We call it ,” Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or OCD”.
What is obsessive-compulsive disorder?
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition that involves distressing, intrusive, obsessive thoughts and repetitive, compulsive physical or mental acts.
Approximately 2% of the population have OCD. About half of the time, the symptoms appear during childhood or adolescence, and this rarely happens after the age of 40.
OCD is an anxiety disorder, and it is one of several conditions involving obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior.
Having OCD can significantly affect a person’s quality of life and their well-being.
A person with OCD typically:
- has thoughts, images, or urges that they feel unable to control
- does not want to have these intrusive thoughts and feelings
- experiences a significant amount of discomfort, possibly involving fear, disgust, doubt, or a conviction that things must be done in a certain way
- spends a lot of time focusing on these obsessions and engaging in compulsions, which interferes with personal, social, and professional activities
OCD involves obsessions, compulsions, or both. These can cause distress and interfere with the person’s ability to perform routine activities.
While everyone worries, in people with OCD, worries and anxiety can take over, making it hard to carry out everyday tasks.
Common topics of this anxiety include:
- Contamination, by bodily fluids, germs, dirt, and other substances
- Losing control, such as the fear of acting on an urge to self-harm or hurt others
- Perfectionism, which may involve the fear of losing things or an intense focus on exactness or remembering things
- Harm, including a fear of being responsible for a catastrophic event
- Unwanted sexual thoughts, including thoughts about inappropriate activities
- Religious or superstitious beliefs, such as a concern about offending God or stepping on cracks in the sidewalk
Not every repetitious behavior is a compulsion. Most people use repetitive behaviors, such as bedtime routines, to help them manage everyday life.
For a person with OCD, however, the need to perform repetitious behavior is intense, it occurs frequently, and it is time-consuming. The behavior may take on a ritualistic aspect.
Some examples include:
- washing and cleaning, including handwashing
- monitoring the body for symptoms
- repeating routine activities, such as getting up from a chair
- mental compulsions, such as repeatedly reviewing an event
The first signs of OCD often appear in adolescence, but they sometimes emerge in childhood.
Complications among young people, including children, with OCD include:
- low self-esteem
- disrupted routines
- difficulty completing schoolwork
- physical illness, due to stress, for example
- trouble forming or maintaining friendships and other relationships
When OCD begins in childhood, it may be more common in males than females. By adulthood, however, it affects males and females at equal rates.
People with OCD needs you and wants to understand their perception, So just hold your breathe ,relax easy then listen and understand them. Also , it’s never late , Talk to the Therapist for this and work together for a life which is not just an obsession or compulsion ,rather it’s FREEDOM and all the other beautiful things you are missing due to OCD ✨🌺💗
-by Cheenu Singh Sisodiya